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History of El Salvador and Us Relations

Autor:   •  November 30, 2016  •  Study Guide  •  331 Words (2 Pages)  •  122 Views

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El Salvador:

  • Large population in poverty; big impact from remittances
  • Civil War 1979-1992
  • State military vs. guerrilla fighters
  • Assassination of Oscar Romero
  • Estimated 75,000 killed
  • “Draining the sea” – kill prisoners
  • Salvadorian army backed by US Funding
  • US involvement in the war
  • Carter, Reagan, and Bush Admin. Funded approx. $4.5 billion
  • Masked anti-communism
  • Funded propaganda, training, ammunition, weapons, etc.
  • No funding went towards combatting extreme poverty
  • Effects of War
  • Peace Accords 1992
  • Electoral Reform; less corruption
  • Land Reform
  • Over 1 millions people displaced, 93 given asylum
  • Covered up by US media and government
  • Lasting Political Division
  • Formation of Gangs
  • Salvadorians landed in South Central LA for the most part
  • War on Drugs -> War on Gangs
  • Anti-immigrant politics
  • Disproportionate arresting of POC
  • Gangs in El Salvador
  • MS-13 and Barrio 18
  • Categorized alongside Zetas and Yakuza
  • Poor compared to other crime syndicates
  • Territories mostly urban, moving rural
  • Charge renta
  • “Murder Capital of the world”
  • Salvadorian Government & Gangs
  • La Mano Dura: police could arrest anyone based on gang-related appearance
  • Had adverse effect, jails became ran by gangs known as “colleges”
  • Gangs targeting police
  • Declaration of gangs as terrorist organizations
  • Effects of Gangs
  • Murder rates as high as civil war times
  • Migration from urban to rural areas
  • Immigration to US
  • Paros de Buses
  • Fear of speaking about the gangs
  • Peace Corps Evacuations

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