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Pengertian Penelitian Kualitatif

Autor:   •  September 18, 2011  •  399 Words (2 Pages)  •  16,379 Views

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Pengertian penelitian kualitatif:

"Qualitative research is a loosely defined category of research designs or models, all of which elicit verbal, visual, tactile, olfactory, and gustatory data in the form of descriptive narratives like field notes, recordings, or other transcriptions from audio- and videotapes and other written records and pictures or films." --Judith Preissle

Penelitian kualitatif juga disebut dengan: interpretive research, naturalistic research, phenomenological research (meskipun ini disebut sebagai jenis dari penelitian kualitaif yang dipakai penelitian deskriptif).

Perbedaan klasik antara kualitatif dan kuantitatif

Qualitative Research Quantitative Research

* phenomenological

* inductive

* holistic

* subjective/insider centered

* process oriented

* anthropological worldview

* relative lack of control

* goal: understand actor's view

* dynamic reality assumed; "slice of life"

* discovery oriented

* explanatory * positivistic

* hypothetico/deductive

* particularistic

* objective/outsider centered

* outcome oriented

* natural science worldview

* attempt to control variables

* goal: find facts & causes

* static reality assumed; relative constancy in life

* verification oriented

* confirmatory

Metode Kuantitatif menggunakan angka-angka dan data staistik, seperti: experiments, correlational studies using surveys & standardized observational protocols, simulations, supportive materials for case study.

Yang biasanya ditandai dengan: 1. Observe events, 2. Tabulate, 3. Summarize data, 4. Analyze, 5. Draw conclusions

Sedangkan kualitatif menggunakan deskripsi dan kategori dalam wujud kata-kata, seperti: open-ended interviews, naturalistic observation (common in anthropology), document analysis, case studies/life histories, descriptive dan self-reflective supplements

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