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Clock Is Ticking on China's one Child Policy

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"Clock is ticking on China's One Child Policy"

1.) What bizarre sight does the article open up with?

The article open up with a bizarre sight of children playing on playgrounds in Beijing. Among these children, there is not a single brother or sister to be seen.

2.) In what year did China's one child policy begin?

China's one child policy began in the early 1980s.

3.) Give one reason that China's one child policy was "applauded by some" and one reason it was "reviled by some."

Applauded by some: Most experts think the policy saved overcrowded China, with its population of almost 1.3 billion, from having an additional 300 million to as many as 800 million children.

Reviled by some: The government forced women to have abortions and or sterilizations in addition to infanticide.

4.) What demographic flaw is contained in the one child policy?

An inherent demographic flaw: the policy eventually will create a society that doesn't have enough adult children in a family to care for aging parents.

5.) Describe the exemption the Chinese government is currently offering?

The government now offers an exemption to each only-child who has reached adulthood. If two of these people marry, they will be allowed to have a second child to prevent a second generation in which two married people must be responsible for four elderly parents without help from siblings.

6.) Describe the change in fertility rate from 1960 to 2000.

The fertility rate for 1960 was approximately 6.5. After 40 years, in 2000, the fertility rate drastically declined to 1.6. Between these two decades, the rate dropped tremendously from 1960 until 1980 where it gradually drops to 1.6.

7.) What does the government claim it always knew about the one child program?

The government claims that it always foresaw that the one-child regulation effectively will be lifted after the first generation, because almost everyone growing up in China's cities today is an only-child, likely to marry another only- child.

8.) What evidence does the article give to support its claim that the program worked?

The article uses statistics through different graphs to support its claim that the program worked. "since the early 1980s when the policy was enacted, China's fertility rate (number of children per woman) has declined to 1.8, which is below the rate at which the population eventually would level off."




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