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Description and Requirement of Law Court Case Influential to Establishment of Law

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University of Phoenix Material

Employment Laws Chart

Complete the chart below using information from the weekly readings and additional research if necessary.

Employment Law

Description and Requirement of Law Court Case Influential to Establishment of Law

Importance of Law

Workplace Application

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Prohibit employment

discrimination in hiring, compensation, and terms, conditions, or privileges of employment based on race, religion, color, sex, or national origin. Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (1964) in this case the motel was operated by refusing accommodations to blacks.

Ricci v. DeStefano (2009) arising from a lawsuit brought against the city of New Haven, CT by twenty city firefighters alleging that the city discriminated against them with regard to promotions. To end racial segregation. This means that a person should be hired because they are qualified for the job and not based on their sex, race or national origin.

Equal Employment Opportunity Act

Prohibit all forms of employment discrimination based on race, religion, color, sex, or national origin. McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green (1973) Green, a black, employee who work for the employer from 1956-1964 was laid off due to reduction in the company's workforce but Green protested that it was racially motivated. To give individuals a fair opportunity to get a job or promotion. If a person is qualified for a job or a promotion, then, they should be given the opportunity and not because of race, religion and sex.

Equal Pay Act

To prohibit discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by employers. Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., Inc. (2007) Between 1979-1998 salaried employees at Goodyear in Alabama were given or denied raises based on their supervisor's performance evaluation. In March 1998, Ledbetter submitted a questionnaire to EEOC claiming acts of sex discrimination and later filed an EEOC charge. To ensure that any sex (male or female) can receive benefits equally. This means that any sex can receive similar pay.

Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967

Forbade employment discrimination against anyone over the age of 40 years in the United States.

Western Air Lines v. Criswell (1985) Western required flight engineers, who are members of the flight crew but generally do not operate flight controls, to retire at age 60. Ensures that individuals 40 and over are protected from getting promotions, hiring, pay, etc. Employees 40 and over can be hired, get promotions, and get pay.

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

Extends employment protection to most forms of disability status, including those afflicted with AIDS and for companies to make reasonable accommodations to provide a qualified individual access to the job. Aline v. Nassau County (1987) the ADA views contagious diseases as any other medical disability. To protect all employees against discrimination, even if they are disabled. This means that any qualified individual who has a disability can have access to any job.

Civil Rights Act of 1991

With additions to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, it provided for the right to trial by jury on discrimination claims and introduced the possibility of emotional distress damages. Wards Cove Packing Co. Inc., v. Antonio (1989) essentially undercut the 1971 Griggs ruling by flipping the burden of proof to plaintiffs

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