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Dropping the Bomb on Nagasaki and Hiroshima

Essay by   •  January 12, 2014  •  Essay  •  480 Words (2 Pages)  •  1,770 Views

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War II was coming to an end, and the Nazi instigators had surrendered; however, the Japanese empire refused to admit defeat to the world. In order to overthrow the resilient dominion, the allies were forced to decide between a bloody invasion or unleashing a weapon of unknown power. The latter was chosen, and Hiroshima was utterly destroyed by one of the most deadly instruments made in history: the atomic bomb. Dropping the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was morally acceptable, after a careful analysis of the setting, cause/effect relationships, and the change over time following the initiation of the weapon.

In regards to the setting, the United States was dragged into the war on December 7th, 1941 after the Japanese invaded Pearl Harbor. President Harry Truman consequentially declared war on Japan, which began America's four year struggle against the Axis powers. Afterwards much fighting on the ground, Truman announced the Manhattan Project -- led by Albert Einstein -- that later developed the atomic bomb. After numerous threats and the 'Potsdam Conferences', which wanted to avoid conflict, Truman called for droppings of two warheads, the 'Little Boy' and 'Fat Man', on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, respectively. After analysis, the reason that Japan bombed Pearl Harbor was because they wanted to establish an overseas empire across the Pacific Ocean; therefore, to stop the incursion, the US was forced to end what would be a bloody conflict with a simple bomb.

In regards to the cause/effect relationships, the Japanese empire were unwilling to surrender to defend their emperor's divine right to rule, and the United States were unwilling to lose their oceanic claims. As a result, war was declared, and thus started the string of battles across the Pacific between American and Japanese forces. As the Americans gained ground, Truman offered Japan numerous opportunities to surrender; upon many declinations, the decision to drop the bomb was reached. After analysis, the reason for the war beginning attributes to the failure to reach a compromise between the two; also, the bomb caused Japan to issue the 'Instrument of Surrender', which lost them the war.

In regards to the change over time, the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki set off a chain reaction: firstly, Japan's economy was crippled; secondly, the Chinese was taken over by the due to their over-reliance on Japanese importations; thirdly, the nuclear arms race had begun, holding the world hostage for decades to come. These three factors would continue to affect the world as the century rolled by.

In regards to the significance of the event, it marked a milestone in human ingenuity in science. However, it consequentially created a power struggle for nuclear dominance. The Cold War was the result, which sent the world spiraling into a

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