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Muse in Greek and Roman Mythology

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According to the 2008 Oxford dictionary, muse in Greek and Roman Mythology; each of nine goddesses who preside over the arts and sciences or a woman, or a force of personified as a woman, who is the source of inspiration for a creative artist.

Muses during Ancient Greek period are represented by nine daughters of Zeus, the Lord of all Gods, and Mnemosyne, who was a symbol of memory. The nine muses of Ancient Mythologies were epic poetry, history, love poetry, song and elegiac poetry, tragedy, hymns, dance, comedy, and astronomy. They all inspired the Ancient Greeks to develop their senses fore artistic creativity and scientific knowledge.

Calliope is a muse of Epic Poetry. According to several sources, she is considered as the muse who inspired Homer to complete his masterpieces and in many of her portraits created by great ancient and modern painters, she is holding a book of Homer's Odyssey.

Many ancient Greek historians or famous heroes have pondered Clio or Kleio. She is known as a muse that had several connections with multiple kings of Ancient Greek and Rome, supporting them to achieve the greatness that they acquired.

Erato, the muse of love poetry; her name means 'Lovely" or "desired." How would it feel to be known as the lovely and how would it make an individual act if she knew that she was desired?. It is hard to comprehend the idea. But perhaps, as we see on televisions, films, and magazines; an individuals with acknowledgement of self beauty belongs in different world from ordinary. Erato was a muse of love poetry for that reason, she inspired poets to ponder of love.

Euterpe, the muse of song and lyric poetry. Her name means "GIVER OF DELIGHT." During the late classical period, she was assigned as the muse of lyric poetry and there are several sources indicating that she invented aulos(double-flute.)

Melpomene, Originally known as the muse of singing, but later became the muse tragedy. How did she become the muse of tragedy?. That is one of the biggest mystery of Melpomene, but perhaps she became the muse of tragedy, because singing was used as indication of tragic happening in ancient poems.

Polyhymia, the muse of hymn. She was known as the humble, serious, and spiritual of nine daughters Zeus and Mnemosyne. She is also known as the muse of geometry and Meditation.

Terpsichore, the muse of dance. Her name is the origin of the word "terpsichorean," meaning "related to dance." And as indicated in her name chore, chorus, or group sing originated from her.

Thalia, the muse of comedy. She is probably the most well respected muse of this era, knowing that this society relies on joyfulness to be released from everyday stress. The origin of her name comes from Greek word "thallein," flourish.

The final Muse of the nine Greek and Roman Mythology is Urania, the muse of Astronomy. Ancient



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