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The Seven Liberal Arts

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The Seven Liberal Arts are grammar, logic, rhetoric, arithmetic, astronomy, music, and geometry. There are divided in two parts Trivium that study grammar, logic and rhetoric; and Quadrivium that study arithmetic, astronomy, music and geometry.

Student life in the thirteenth century was harsh. An usual day the student will wake up at 4am, have Arts lectures at 5am and Mass and breakfast at 6am. Then from 8 to 10am Lectures and from 11 to 12m Disputations before the noon meal. After lunch at 1pm the student will have "Repetitions"- study of morning lectures with tutors, until 3pm. Then Cursory lectures or disputations until 5pm and supper at 6pm. At 7pm the student will have study and repetitions until 9pm that the student will go to bed.


Romanesque: a style of architecture developed in Italy and Western Europe between the Roman and the Gothic styles after 1000 AD; characterized by round arches and vaults and by the substitution of piers for columns and profuse ornament and arcades.

Gothic: a style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries; characterized by slender vertical piers and counterbalancing buttresses and by vaulting and pointed arches.

Pilgrimage church: Are churches that are on pilgrimage-routes.

Pointed arches: an arch with a pointed apex; characteristic of Gothic architecture.

Gargoyles: a spout that terminates in a grotesquely carved figure of a person or animal.

Buttresses: a support usually of stone or brick; supports the wall of a building.

Flying buttresses: a buttress that stands apart from the main structure and connected to it by an arch.

Define these parts of the cathedral:

Nave: the central area of a church.

Choir: the area occupied by singers; the part of the chancel between sanctuary and nave.

Ambulatory: a covered walkway, as in a cloister.

Chapels: a place of worship that has its own altar.

Transepts: structure forming the transverse part of a cruciform church; crosses the nave at right angles.

Aisles: part of a church divided laterally from the nave proper by rows of pillars or columns

Apse: a domed or vaulted recess or projection on a building especially the east end of a church; usually contains the altar.

Narthex: portico at the west end of an early Christian basilica. /A vestibule leading to the nave of a church.




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