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What Is Postmodernism

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what is postmodernism:

Post-modernism is a philosophy movement which arises in the 20th century as a reaction to modernism. It's very hard to define the term "Post-modernism" and what it implies as it appears in different areas such as art, literature, music etc, but the word "Post-modernism" can be explained as "after the Modernist movement". Postmodernists do agree with modernists that the old order in society is corrupt, but while modernists believe that it's possible to recreate order in society, postmodernists believe that society is what it is seen to be on the surface, fragmented and impossible for recreating, and there is nothing under the surface. According to postmodernists there is no universal truth to guide either man or society, there is neither right nor wrong. It's about individuals, and we are all equal, no one is better than the other. Art, culture, reality, and meaning of life are what we make them to be, and they only exist when we believe in it. And people have their own interpretation of things, especially when you read Post-modern literature, and it is about interpreting individually, because there is no content but expression. Even Post-modern literature is very different from a story to another, there is hardly a common characteristic.

History and emergenceThe term "Postmodern" was first used around the 1870s. John Watkins Chapman suggested "a Postmodern style of painting" as a way to move beyond French Impressionism. J. M. Thompson, in his 1914 article in The Hibbert Journal (a quarterly philosophical review), used it to describe changes in attitudes and beliefs in the critique of religion: "The raison d'etre of Post-Modernism is to escape from the double-mindedness of Modernism by being thorough in its criticism by extending it to religion as well as theology, to Catholic feeling as well as to Catholic tradition." In 1917, Rudolf Pannwitz used the term to describe a philosophically-oriented culture. His idea of post-modernism drew from Friedrich Nietzsche's analysis of modernity and its end results ofdecadence and nihilism. Pannwitz's post-human would be able to overcome the predicaments of the modern human. Contrary to Nietzsche, Pannwitz also included nationalist and mythical elements in his use of the term.In 1921 and 1925, Postmodernism had been used to describe new forms of art and music. In 1942 H. R. Hays described it as a new literary form. However, as a general theory for a historical movement it was first used in 1939 by Arnold J. Toynbee: "Our own Post-Modern Age has been inaugurated by the general war of 1914-1918."In 1949 the term was used to describe a dissatisfaction with modern architecture, and led to the postmodern architecture movement, perhaps also a response to the modernist architectural movement known as the International Style.



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