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Corporate Social Irresponsibility - Indian Sundarbans Delta

Autor:   •  December 6, 2017  •  Presentation or Speech  •  887 Words (4 Pages)  •  23 Views

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Corporate Social Irresponsibility

Indian Sundarbans Delta

A Vision

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Group 9:

Amit R Sapkale (43/53)

Deepak Dayal (117/53)

Ujjwal Kumar Bunkar(434/53)

U C Varuun (420/52)

        


 

Indian Sundarbans Delta: A Vision

Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna Basin

Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) is the second largest hydrological system after the Amazon. It covers 1.75 million km square with 644 million people in Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India and Nepal. Its surface runoff is 1350 billion meter cube. It is a global biodiversity hotspot covering diverse habitats. The Indian Sundarbans Delta (ISD) is a part of the GBM basin in Asia. The Sundarbans, shared between India and Bangladesh is home to one of the largest mangrove forest in the world.

Deposition in Sundarbans Delta

Holocene deposition on the lower delta plain of the GBM was about 5000 years ago but land building and sediment compaction are ongoing processes, making it a highly dynamic and evolving system.

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Development Challenges in Indian Sundarbans Delta

  • About 99.99% revenue area of Indian Sundarbans Delta is rural
  • Population in ISD 3.8 million (Census 2001) with an average population density of 925 persons per km square
  • About 42% of the population is below poverty line
  • Average decadal growth is 19.27% (1991-2001)
  • Access to infrastructure is very poor. With more than 94% of the inhabited land doesn’t have the access to electricity

Ecological Significance of Sundarbans

It is one amongst the largest mangrove patches in the world. Globally, 4.3% of the mangroves are in Sundarbans. It has a very rich biodiversity; flora, fauna, terrestrial and aquatic. It is a world heritage site and biosphere reserve (only costal tiger habitat with a large population of tigers).

Meeting Conservation Challenges: WWF in Indian Sundarbans (since 1978)

  • Mitigating human-tiger conflict
  • Strengthening conservation infrastructure
  • Livelihood diversification
  • Mangrove restoration
  • Sustainable aquaculture
  • Access to water and energy
  • Institutional strengthening and capacity building for communities
  • Trans boundary platform with Bangladesh

Climate Change Impacts in Indian Sundarbans Delta

Rise in the sea level per year is around 466% (from 3.14 mm/ year during 1990-00 to 17.8 mm/year during 2000-09) which resulted in the net land loss of 65 km square. There is a 26% rise in frequency of high to very high intensity cyclones (1881-2001). Surface air temperatures over the Bay of Bengal have been found to be rising at a rate of 0.019°C per year.[pic 8]

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A Vision for Indian Sundarbans Delta

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