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Automated Rfid Based Library Management System

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Abstract- RFID provides one of the

best solutions for the identification

of assets. RFID is a new generation

which provides auto identification and

data collection technique. RFID allows

identification of tagged books, using

radio frequency. RFID based Library

Management System (LMS) will help

us to increase the flow of transaction for

a library. The proposed system of LMS

is based on UHF RFID readers, along

with the antennas at library entrance

and on all other transactional points

of the library. This paper discusses

elimination of transactional module

from existing RFID based Library

Management System.

1- Introduction

RFID is being used in variety of

fields like; auto-motive, animal tracking,

and all types of assets identification.

Designers such as Ideas by Gul Ahmed,

Amir Adnan tag their products with the

RFID chip, which is the most common

example of interaction with RFID.

However garments and books are both

separate things. Presently, across the

globe, implementation of RFID is under

consideration. Bar codes, magnetic

cards are the better options for

identification but not the best. RFID tag

does not have to be visible in order to let

them read, it can be read once the tag is

in readers' range irrespective being

visible or in line of sight. Another

advantage of using RFID in library is, it

stores more than one variable; i.e. it

stores stack number, accession number,

book number, author information etc,

where as barcode is limited to just one

identification number.

2- Library and its functions

Library; is collection of all the

sources, resources, including books,

DVDs, and all other informative

materials on a one common place.

Besides all above some libraries do have

access points, for maps, prints, or other

documents. A good librarian arranges

the library in order to easy, quick,

efficient reach to all the materials to the


The following are the tasks

generally performed in the library.

Circulation, Collection and Technical

Services, they all includes handling user

accounts and issuing and returning of

books; order materials, Work behind the

scenes cataloguing and processing new

materials and de-accessioning weeded

materials; respectively.

3- Library using RFID

Basic tasks in RFID based LMS

include the planning for gaining of

materials, arranging the acquired

materials according to the library

classification, the de-accessioning of

materials, and administering library

computer systems.

The proposed system will

perform following tasks easily; using

RFID technology,

- Accessing number of books at a time.

- Searching a particular book to check

its presence in the library, through

database applications.

- Locating the physical location of the


- Accounting/Stock verification of the

materials. [1]

While using RFID based LMS

librarian can process issuing, re-issuing,

and returning formalities really fast, all

on few clicks; as system provides the

book information and library member

information to the librarian, so he can

place the book properly. RFID based

LMS also provides monitoring and

searching system. The monitoring

system will continuously monitor the

library gates and will act as a

chambermaid, so that the books taken

out without completing formalities can

be traced out easily and will alarm the

librarian. The searching module

provides the fast searching of books







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