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Boeing Set up an Airline Called Boeing Air Transport (bat) in 1927.

Essay by   •  March 27, 2019  •  Term Paper  •  3,856 Words (16 Pages)  •  17 Views

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I, Quick View

With headquarters in Chicago, Illinois, Boeing is the world's largest aircraft manufacturer. By 2007, Boeing remained the world's largest arms manufacturer and slipped to third place after Lockheed Martin and BAE System in 2008. The Boeing company was founded in 1916 by William E.Boeing, with George Conrad Westervelt , who was an engineer served in the U.S. Navy. From the start, the name of the company was "B&W," which was short for the name of the founder. The name of the company changed to"Pacific Aero Production" after that. The name of the company changed as "Boeing Airplane   Company" again by 1917. Studied at Yale University, the founder, William Boeing, originally worked in the logging industry, where he became rich. He also gained knowledge of wooden structures there, which later   became valuable in aircraft design and installation.

II, Introduction

Boeing set up an airline called Boeing Air Transport (BAT) in 1927. BAT and Pacific Air Transport and Boeing Airplane Company joined one big company a year later. In 1929, the company changed its name to United Aircraft and Transport Corporation and purchased Pratt & Whitney, Hamilton Standard Propeller Company and Chance Vought. Then, in 1930, United Aircraft bought National Air Transport. The 1934 Air Mail Act banned airlines and manufacturers from the same corporation, thus dividing the company into three smaller firms–Boeing Airplane Company, United Airlines, and United Aircraft Corporation. As a result, all of William Boeing shares were sold by him.

Shortly thereafter, an agreement was reached with Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) to develop and construct passenger aircraft leaving the water and capable of carrying transatlantic passengers. Boeing 314 Clipper's first flight was in June 1938. It was at the time the largest civilian aircraft with a capacity of 90 passengers and 40 passengers on night flights. The first U.S. passenger aircraft service to Britain was opened a year later. Other routes were then opened, and soon Pan Am flew all over the world with Boeing 314. The 307 Stratoliner aircraft was completed by Boeing in 1938. It was the world's first transport aircraft with compressed air cabins, capable of flying on most weather fluctuations at 20,000 ft.

Boeing played a large number of bombers during World War II. Many workers on the front are soldiers ' wives. Production was boosted to over 350 aircraft built in a month at the beginning of 1944. The factories were disguised with farm plants and products to prevent airborne attacks.  The leading aircraft manufacturing companies in the United States worked together during the war years. Boeing designed and installed B-17 bombers by Lockheed Aircraft Corp. and Douglas Aircraft Co., while Bell Aircraft Co. and Glenn L. Martin Company also installed the B-29 bombers. Most bomber orders were canceled after the war and 70,000 people at Boeing lost their jobs. By selling the Stratocruiser, a luxurious commercial four - passenger aircraft developed from B-29, the company aims to recover quickly. The number of sales of this aircraft type, however, is not as expected and Boeing needs to find other opportunities to overcome this situation. The company was able to sell converted military aircraft to transport soldiers and supplies of air fuel.

III, History

Technology had dramatically advanced by the mid-1950s, giving Boeing the ability to develop and produce entirely new products. One of the new products is short-range guided missiles for enemy aircraft interception. By the time the Cold War became a daily affair, Boeing developed and produced intercontinental missiles using short-range missile techniques. In 1958, in response to the De Havilland Comet of Britain, Sud Caravelle of France and the Tupolev Tu-104' Camel' of the Soviet Union, Boeing started shipping B707, the first US passenger jet; they are the first-generation civil passenger jet aircraft. The United States became one of the leaders in the production of civil jets with the B707, a four-engine aircraft carrying 156 passengers. Boeing added a second version of the aircraft a couple of years later, the B720 faster and with a shorter range. Boeing introduced B727 a few years later, another civilian jet of the same size, but only 3 engines and designed for mid-range routes. Passengers, crew and airlines immediately accepted the B727 as a safe and comfortable aircraft. Although production has been discontinued since 1984, nearly 1,300 B727s continued to serve in airlines around the world by the end of the millennium.


Boeing faced a new crisis in the early seventies. The Apollo program was virtually eliminated in which Boeing attended most of the previous decade. Boeing hopes once again to offset civilian aircraft sales. There was a crisis in the aviation industry at that time, however, and Boeing received no orders within 1 year. Betting Boeing's future, the new B747 is stalled in production and costs are higher than originally envisaged. Another problem was that in 1971, the US Congress decided to discontinue funding for the development of B2707 supersonic aircraft, Boeing's answer to the British and French production Concorde, forcing the company to discontinue the project. The company also had to reduce the number of employees from over 80,000 to about half, only in the Seattle area. In January 1970 the first B747, a four-engine long-haul passenger plane, made its first commercial flight. This famous aircraft completely changed the flight mode, with a capacity of 450 passengers and its upper compartment. Until 2001, Boeing was the only aircraft manufacturer to offer such a capable aircraft and shipped nearly 1,400 units. (Airbus now offers the A380, when shipped will be the largest passenger aircraft). The B747 has been continuously improved so that the techniques in it are not obsolete. Larger versions are also developed with the upper floor extended.


In recent years Boeing has had to deal with Airbus with increasing competition, it offers a number of shared components among aircraft types (reducing maintenance and training costs) as well as technologies. Latest "fly-by-wire". Since the 1970s Airbus has increased its aircraft categories so much that they can now offer a single aircraft of the same nature as almost every Boeing model. Indeed, Airbus now competes in all the markets that Boeing once held a monopoly position, such as the A320 selected by a number of low-cost carriers (the type of aircraft commonly used by This airline is B737) and in the huge aircraft market, A380 aircraft. The B747 was competed by a series of Boeing 777-300 aircraft. Currently, Boeing is planning to introduce five new types of aircraft, the 787 Dreamliner, the ultra-long range B777-200LR, B737-900ER, B737-700ER and B747-8. The 787 Boeing was formerly known as the Boeing 7E7, but the design has been changed since then. Boeing 777-200LR has the longest range of all civilian aircraft, and is the first civilian aircraft to fly halfway around the Earth with an economical and efficient transport, and record The world with a farthest flight by a civil passenger plane is 21,601 km.



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