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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (ocd)

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Obsessive Compulsive disorder is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by recurrent distressing thoughts and repetitive behavior or mental rituals performed to reduce a person's anxiety and fear (Information from your family doctor, 2009). The likely time to start having symptoms is as a child developing his or her hormones. A person of any age, race, or sex is at risk for Obsessive-Compulsive disorder. The mental illness is not curable most of the time and will need to be managed by patients for a lifetime. Someone with Obsessive-Compulsive disorder will display antisocial behavior that causes other people to feel uncomfortable. The perceived reaction is the behavior of a person with Obsessive-Compulsive disorder can control the behavior. When he or she displays a specific unusual behavior others people react to the behavior. Many will feel the person is needing to display negative attention and choosing to act out. The Obsessive-Compulsive person cannot control the behavior. Rituals like touching his or her face and counting all objects touched help the person control the anxiety level and stress. This leads to a person isolating his or her self to avoid the embarrassment that is caused by Obsessive-compulsive disorder. This causes people with Obsessive-Compulsive disorder unable to function in his or her life at work, in public, and at home. Many people with the disorder have problems keeping close relationships with friends and family, maintaining a job, and having a social life. Prior to medication research, many patients with Obsessive-Compulsive disorder did not go outside his or her home. Others with severe forms of Obsessive-Compulsive disorder lived in Mental hospitals. The parts of the brain that causes Obsessive-Compulsive disorder are dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, basal ganglia, and thalamus. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are important in the serotonin system role in the neochemistry of Obsessive-Compulsive disorder (Information from your family doctor, 2009). A person will need to do rituals to relieve anxiety and stress. Some example of behavior is hand washing, checking, ordering, praying, counting, and seeking approval of other people (Information from your family doctor, 2009). A person will have a Tic and repeat a specific behavior when stressed and upset. Some forms of Obsessive-compulsive disorder are passed through parents. A child will show signs at a young age through repetitive behaviors known as tics. A person needs to perform the ritual or habit to calm down. If unable to complete his or her ritual the person will display uncontrollable frustration around other people. The behavior is perceived as choosing to act out inappropriate behavior. A person will not be able to function due to having to do rituals. A person will spend most of his or her day repeating the rituals. This leaves the person unable to function in life. The fear is in a person's mind and is acted out in the repetitive behavior in the patient. The fear and stress is the reason a patient will act upon the behaviors of a repetitive ritual. The diagnoses of Obsessive-Compulsive disorder are tested when behaviors or characteristics in a person live are severe and appear abnormal. A professional doctor in psychology will determined if a patient has Obsessive-Compulsive disorder. Some indicator questions are the following questions. Do you have frequent unwanted thoughts that seem uncontrollable? Do you try to get rid of these thoughts and, if so, what do you do? Do you have rituals or repetitive behaviors that take a lot of time in a day? Do you wash or clean a lot? Do you keep checking things over and over again? Are you concerned with symmetry and putting things in order? Do your daily activities take a long time to complete? Do these problems trouble you? Does this behavior make sense to you? (Bagadia, A., & Drummond, L. (2009) If any the following questions above are yes, a doctor will look at medical history to rule out physical health problems and create a psychological profile with patients' history. Once a doctor determines the patient has obsessive-compulsive disorder further questions will be asked to the patient. The goal is to find what triggers will need to be worked with to improve a patient's life. Depression is linked to patients with Obsessive-Compulsive disorder. A psychiatrist will need to talk to the patient in detail to determine what role mental illness issues contribute to the diagnoses of Obsessive-Compulsive disorder. Once diagnosed a patient will have a treatment plan for his or her Obsessive-Compulsive disorder. Treatment for Obsessive-Compulsive disorder consists of a combination of methods that work together. The person needs to face the fear that is controlling his or her life.



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