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Business Plan on Internet Cafe

Essay by   •  January 11, 2013  •  Business Plan  •  3,814 Words (16 Pages)  •  1,742 Views

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Business Idea

We drink mineral water, cola and throw out the bottle. But have we ever considered wearing that bottle? Literally wearing a plastic bottle sounds ludicrous, but we have come with an idea with turning that bottle into soft, comfortable yarn with the newest recycling fad. Until we cut down our use of throw away plastics, we have to create new ways of reusing our waste. We are creating a use in fashion and apparel. Recycling of 1 ton of PET containers can save 7.4 cubic yards of landfill space.

Although many classes of fiber based on synthetic polymer have been evaluated as potentially valuable commercial products, polyester dominates the market. Manufacturing polyester yarn from PET base remains the most cost-effective yarn production method currently available in the market in order to produce textured-liked fabrics. The chemical name for the polymer, which forms polyester, is polyethylene terephthalate or PET. Worldwide, approximately 4.53 million tons of PET was collected in 2010, in which 3.64 million tons of PET bottles were used to make PET flakes. The Company will be responsible for establishing a PET Flakes making factory and for selling. It will produce the Flakes maintaining the proper quality. Limited natural resources create opportunities for innovation. It is often said that necessity is the mother of invention.

Empty plastic beverage bottles are collected, sorted, crushed & baled at a recycling center. Then ground into flakes, & screened and washed to remove caps, labels & contaminants.

The flakes are heated, further screened and cleaned, dried and placed in a vented extruder. The extruded plastic is cooled and then thoroughly chopped to make plastic pellets.

The pellets are sent to a yarn manufacturing facility where they are melted & spun into polyester fiber. The recycled PET fibers are blended with new PET fibers and spun into polyester yarn.

The polyester yarn is sent to a mill for knitting or weaving into fabric. The fabric is then sent to our manufacturing facilities to be made into the best gloves you will ever own!

Figure 1: The process of fabricating polyester from recycled PET bottles

Our Sustainability is committed to developing high quality, innovative products that are less harmful to the environment. We are working to reduce the amount of non-recycled materials used in all aspects of our products and packaging. Our efforts are incremental, but represent small, positive steps towards making a difference for the environment. We hope our efforts spur others to do the same.

Business Model

Our business model includes some interrelated steps, they are given as follows:

1. Collecting Raw Material: The first step is collecting used PET containers. Yarn makers buy bales of recycled bottles from vendors or from municipal recycling projects.

2. Making polyester chips: The sorted plastic then moves into a sterilizing bath. The clean containers are dried and crushed into tiny chips. When the chips are thoroughly dry, they are emptied into a vat and heated, then forced through spinnerets

3. Drawing and crimping: The tow from the spool is next pulled through the heated rollers of a drawing machine to three or four times its original length. Drawing increases the strength of the fiber, the crimped tow passes to a dryer, and then is cut into lengths of a few inches and baled. At this point, the short, fluffy, hairy fiber looks very much like wool.

4. Spinning into yarn: After the polyester is baled, a sample from each bale is inspected. Fibers are tested for uniformity of strength and thickness. The thick ropes are then fed into a spinning machine. The spinning machine twists the strand into a much finer diameter, and collects the finished yarn onto huge spools.

5. Dyeing: The yarn is next immersed in heated dye vats in the part of the factory called the dye house. In case of yarn made from green recycled PET bottles, the dye must be a dark hue. Other yarns bleached white, and these can be dyed any color desired. After dyeing, workers feed the yarn through a drying machine.

6. Knitting: The dried yarn is next fed into a particular kind of mechanical knitter called a circular knitting machine. The knitting machine binds the yarn into a continuous tube of cloth. The tube may be approximately 58 in (1.47 m) wide and several hundred yards long.

Core Benefits

The core benefits of this business are-

To the environment:

The "green" benefit to recycling old plastic bottles is obvious:

a. It will keep PET bottles out of landfills and, consequently, decreases the amount of trash accumulating on our planet.

b. Reusing old plastic instead of manufacturing new plastic actually conserves natural resources.

c. Thirty percent less energy is required to make shirts from recycled PET than from virgin polyester. Furthermore, 500,000 barrels of oil are saved each year by turning bottles into yarn.

d. 2/3 less energy usage,2/3 less sulphur dioxide emissions,50% less of nitrous oxide emissions,90% less water usage.

To the stakeholders:

a. Using recycling process for fabricating polyester yarn which is economically viable

b. Availability of raw materials.

c. Commencement of a profitable business, having a market with huge demand and less supply.

d. Ensuring a cheaper price of polyester yarn.

Product Features

Polyester yarn is the main product of this business made from recycled PET bottles.

a. Polyester fleece made from PET is a remarkably comfortable and adaptable fabric.

b. Of the synthetic fibers, RPET (Recycled PET) polyester fabric has almost a 90% lower carbon footprint than nylon.




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