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Executive Head of People's Republic of China

Essay by   •  October 20, 2013  •  Case Study  •  1,031 Words (5 Pages)  •  1,419 Views

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Introduction

Being an international policy expert to the executive head of People's Republic of China, PRC leadership changeover in October 2012 is a remarkable event to the state and affects the levels of China's global engagement to some extent. As the decisions made by the President of PRC create great impact on relations between China and other states, it is imperative that the President designs the political program and direction seriously. The new leaders of China have the centralized power to determine the future of the state and global political environment. As a result, this paper is written to discuss how PRC leadership changeover affects the levels of China's global engagement. This paper first analyzes the existing political program and direction of China to other states and international organizations. It concentrates on the economic and military relations between China and US, Taiwan and hence explains China's position and political direction on international engagement with theoretical perspectives. Moreover, the paper analyzes the personality, shared ideas and diplomacy of the new leaders of China to understand their approach to China's international engagement. In addition, it predicts future political program and direction of China in global engagement. At the last part of the paper, possible recommendations are given to enhance China's global engagement during the leadership transition and ensure other states to admit to new political direction of the new leaders.

Background

PRC leadership changeover will occur in October 2012. The new leaders will be the fifth generation to exercise power on China. Under Chinese Constitution, new leaders can be at the position at most two consecutive five-year terms. Current President, Hu Jintao and current Premier, Wen Jiabao are going to step down. The presumed successor of Chinese President and Premier will be Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang respectively. The fifth generation will take the power under entirely different situation from the fourth generation. Throughout past ten years, China has become a state that is able to counter US. China has carried out military modernization to expand its military force and has overtaken Japan to be the world's second-biggest economy. Both military and economic developments conduce to China being one of the biggest international powers to compete with US. The fifth generation is in power at a time that the national defence power, international status and influence of China are growing. This is the time for these new leaders to review their existing political program and direction. Also, the leaders bear the responsibility to guide China to move upward the ranks of international power peacefully.

Analysis

Diplomacy of new leaders

1. Xi Jinping

Xi Jinping is an amiable future leader from his visit to US in February 2012. The visit highlighted Xi Jinping's attitude towards the cooperation between China and US. He recognized the current direction of bilateral relationship. He emphasized China would advance the economic relations with US. He stressed he would follow the current direction on US and China relations developed by President Hu and President Obama. Besides, China would strive for mutual benefits and win-win situation when cooperating with US.

Xi Jinping uses liberalism approach to view the relationship between China and US. He considers

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