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Genetics or Environment Personality

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Genetics or Environment Personality

Cynthia O’Brien

PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology

Instructor: Lisa Voorhees

August 1, 2016

     Personality research has studied nurture versus nature in personality traits. There has been debate whether a person acts as a result of nature which involves genetics and DNA of a person are nurture the way in which a person is brought up. Do we learn such behavior from our parents are do we learn from our environment in which we live? Do our personality traits change over time with the environment or are we born with the nature of our parents? These findings will explore contemporary research on parenting emotional development culture and personality. However, nature and nurture have been examined by much behavioral psychology socialization human genetics and development. This debate will continue because the basis of this discussion is parenting skills versus genetic inheritances both will be explored throughout this discussion of nature versus nurture.

     Research has studied culture influences on personalities in the 1930s and 1940s interest in the study of the crossings of character and culture increased early investigation on culture influences on personality reflected an associate effort between personality psychologists and anthropologists (Virginia S. Y Kwan & Sarah D. Herrmann, 2015).

      Sigmund Fraud affects some of this early studies including social learning theorists Dollard and Miller will examine culture and the development of personality from a psychoanalytic perspective. Sigmund Fraud influence research on parenting practice across cultures. This study explored influences of culture on child rearing practices such as potty training in breastfeeding and their relationship with behavioral problems as adults. Fraud’s hypothesis the correlation between breastfeeding practices and oral fixation thought to occur when one is not gratified during Fraud’s oral stage of psychosexual development resulting in preoccupation with oral activity throughout the lifespan. However, there has not been researching to test the cash only breastfeeding and oral fixation this is a common problem analysis based on psychoanalytic theory (Virginia S. Y Kwan & Sarah D. Herrmann, 2015).

    Following the development of the big five-factor model, there was more interest in culture, and personality in this started a whole new research development. The five-factor model included traits of narcissism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Narcissism experiencing negative emotions and is correlated positively with and anxiety, hostility, depression, and conflicts. Extraversion enjoys the company of others this is associated with warmth, assertiveness, and impulsivity. Openness to experience tends to enjoy new intellectual experiences and ideas it is correlated positively with a longing to meet new individuals and discover new ideas (Virginia S. Y Kwan & Sarah D. Herrmann, 2015).

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