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Technology Blessing or Curse for a Society

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ASSIGNMENT 1

DATE OF SUBMISSION: - 7TH FEBURAY 2016

SUBMITTED TO: - MS FARAH NAZ

NAME: - MUHAMMAD SOBAN ABID

ROLL NO: - 16i-0730

SECTION A

TECHNOLOGY BLESSING OR CURSE FOR A SOCIETY

DEFINATION:-

Technology is the collection of techniquesskillsmethods and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Technology can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines which can be operated without detailed knowledge of their workings.

HISTORY:-

SOCIOLOGIST VIEWS

Many sociologists and anthropologists have created social theories coping with social and cultural evolution. Some, like Lewis H. Morgan, Leslie White, and Gerhard Lenski have declared technological accomplish be the first issue driving the event of human civilization.

Morgan's conception of three major stages of social evolution (savagery, barbarism, and civilization) is divided by technological milestones, like fireplace.

White’s argument on the importance of technology goes as follows: Technology is an attempt to solve the problems of survival. This attempt ultimately means capturing enough energy and diverting it for human needs. Societies that capture more energy and use it more efficiently have an advantage over other societies. Therefore, these different societies are more advanced in an evolutionary sense.

Gerhard Lenski is not a social scientist who studied society in order to know human behavior. He took a very different path of viewing society and social system. Lenski centered on the social and cultural components of society, maintaining an evolutionary perspective on macrosociology. Macrosociology is that the study of society as an entire, not simply tiny segments of society. Lenski saw human society as one thing of a method of amendment involving a society's level of innovation, transmissions and technological advances. He describes this method of adjusting as content evolution.

EXPLAINATION

The use of the term "technology" has changed significantly over the last 200 years. Before the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and usually referred to the description or study of the useful arts.[3] The term was often connected to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861).[4]

The term "technology" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Revolution. The term's meanings changed in the early 20th century when American social scientists, beginning with Thorstein Veblen, translated ideas from the German concept of Technik into "technology." In German and other European languages, a distinction exists between technik and technologie that is absent in English, which usually translates both terms as "technology." By the 1930s, "technology" referred not only to the study of the industrial arts but to the industrial arts themselves.[5]

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