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The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment

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Who were the leading figures of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, and what were their main contributions? First of all there was Nicholas Copernicus that created the Heliocentric Theory that the Earth revolved around on its axis daily and rotate around the sun one time a year. This theory furthermore, stated that there was a planetary sphere, which was the furthest sphere and held the stars. He also stated that the planets revolved around the sun. The moon revolved around the Earth. Lastly that heavenly spheres move in circular orbits. This brought up issues about logic versus religious system of belief. It also brought up point of view about physical commandment against divine authority. In addition, that man is not the heart of the earth. Secondly there was Galileo Galilei he was the first individual to use an instrument to find out there were mountains on the moon and that four moons rotate around the planet of Jupiter. These finding endangered what the church was teaching individuals to believe. After that he was forced to take back his finding. Thirdly was Isaac Newton that stated the universal law of gravity. He explained why the planets are not in a straight line. Also, he discovered the three laws of motion and Newtonian Physics. He altered the quality of science and divided science form religion.

The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment formed social & political alterations which led to the Industrial Revolution and that directed the way for the formation of the contemporary world. Europeans inflated their technical equipment and combined their governments in order to gather the profits and accumulate the armies needed to compete militarily with adversary. However, the Enlightenment was the movement from the Scientific Revolution to making progress of having a enhanced society for all to live in.

What was the impact of the intellectual revolution of the seventh and eighteenth centuries on European society? The Age of Enlightenment was a cultural progress of thinkers in 18th century Europe and the American colonies. Its principle function was to reorganize society by using explanation rather than custom, faith and revelation. This would allow for progressions of comprehension through science. It encouraged science and academic transactions and resist fallacy narrow-mindedness and some mistreatments by church and state.

Was the Scientific Revolution "the most revolutionary of all revolutions"? Discuss critically, using examples. T



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