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Behaviorism Case

Essay by   •  March 4, 2012  •  Essay  •  637 Words (3 Pages)  •  1,829 Views

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Behaviorism

Psychology consists of human development, behavior, and mental processes. The way humans behave and think vary from every individual. Although everyone is different, we all have thoughts, senses, and feelings which help us figure out how the world works and how we fit in it. I will talk about three different perspectives of psychology.

Behaviorism

This is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. There are two types of conditioning, one is classical and the other is operant. Classical conditioning is when a neutral stimulus is taught to invoke a naturally occurring response. Operant conditioning is a way of learning that happens by using rewards and punishments for the behavior. By using this method you pair the behavior and consequence for the behavior. An example of behaviorism today is when you take your dog to the trainer, it learns by performing the behavior and getting a consequence whether good or bad depending on what result you want to get. This perspective of psychology is more observable and about reward and punishment based and doesn't apply other factors such as feelings, thoughts and moods. I think this perspective is still used today by teachers, trainers, and parents.

Cognitive

Cognitive psychology encompasses the mental processes, the way people think, perceive, remember and learn. This perspective is also related to neuroscience, philosophy and linguistics. Cognitive psychology can be a tool to improve memory, decision making and using different types of teaching tools to increase learning abilities. It all involves how the human processes, transforms, reduces, and uses different sensory inputs. This technique is used more today than in early times because this is more concentrated on the ability of problem-solving methods and is more complex. Today, teachers also use this perspective as well as scientists, engineers, artists and architects.

Psychodynamic

A well-known psychologist Sigmund Freud founded the psychodynamic approach. The implied theories were that behavior and feelings are powerfully affected by unconscious motives. As adults, our behavior and feelings are based off of our childhood. All behavior has a cause and is usually determined and is motivated by two instinctual drives, the Eros (the sex drive & life instinct) and Thanatos (the aggressive drive & death instinct). Personality consists of three parts (id, ego, and super-ego). During childhood your personality is taking form after different experiences of the psychosexual development phase. The psychodynamic perspective is very much related to psychoanalysis. This method tries to explore a person's thoughts or feelings and try to recognize any issues that have gone unnoticed or neglected. This can be anything

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