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Cja 224 - Court History and Purpose Paper

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Court History and Purpose Paper

CJA/224 Introduction To Criminal Court system

Court History and Purpose Paper

The court is a critical part of American Criminal Justice because they determine what should happen to people charged with violating the law. Courts are important beyond criminal justice because when there is disputes that arise between private parties, Businesses, Government officials, the like are brought to court in order to ensure that they are heard, ideally, in a neutral forum (Siegel, Schmalleger, & Worrall, 2011).

Succeeding in liberation and independence is difficult within the world and as simple as legally right and legal wrong. Courts emphasize on the power of the state and the legitimate use of force and to protect people against the random use of legislative authority. The tension among the general public independence and social order is long-lasting. The court front runner recognize it is never just one way to handle a situation, the need fot an unbiased and self-circumstance. To understand the whole court process there are three distinct elements that have to be consider to become a court, it must have proper legal authority and have all of the guide lines within the constitution. Courts systems are generally found in the judicial as opposed to legislative and executive branches of government, and courts are empowered to make decisions that are binding. The notion of "deciding upon cases, controversies in law, and disputed matters of fact" is known as adjudication, or " The process by which a court arrives at a decision regarding a case" (Siegel, Schmalleger, & Worrall, 2011).

When we talk about the dual court system this system separates the federal courts from the state courts. The dual federalism where the only powers of the power of the federal government are those explicitly listed which being left to the states. Ours is more of a system, of cooperative federalism, meaning some of the lines between federal and state power.( Siegal, 2011). The states have limited jurisdiction courts such as the traffic courts, trial courts, appellate courts, and then the U.S. Supreme Court. Our higher level courts control the actions and decisions of lower courts. The earliest known example of formal legal code was the code of Hammurabi. Hammurabi's code was also known as and assembled by the sixth Babylonian King, in 1760 B.C., the code expressed "eye for an eye" philosophy (Siegal). The twelve tablets (450 B.C.) was the first secular written legal tablet. The twelve tablets that were written were posted so all Romans could read the laws. These early codes were important because they signaled the emergence of formalized law. While it is difficult to define the term with precision, law generally

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