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Comparison Matrix Paper

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Comparison Matrix Paper


Article one was written by Mumford (2007) and explores the leadership skills strataplex. Article two was written by Salimi (2011) and it investigates the personality traits management styles. . Article one addresses the following what skills does a leader need in order to perform his duties in jobs at different levels in the organization. Article two addresses what personality traits that are going to have any major impact on the leader's management style and conflict resolution method. Article one indicates cognitive, interpersonal, business, and strategic skills each has its own set of results and importance in the role of the leader. Article two states that personality traits such as extraversion and being conscientious are important factors in being successful as a leader. According to the authors this study was to provide scientific attitudes and perspective research for military leaders. It is supposed to assist in the correct in usage of managers (such as personality and behavior traits). The studies were conducted with military leaders in mind.

Research Questions

Article one has four assumptions which are all related to the strataplex model. The strata is the layered and plex is segmented levels. The first theory is that cognitive, interposal, business, and strategic skills categories can be empirically distinguishable. The second hypothesis is that leadership skill requirements will vary by skill category such as cognitive skill will be needed to greatest amount followed by interpersonal, business, and strategic skills, respectively. The third concept is all of the skills will be positively related to the job's level in the organization. The fourth hypothesis is the relative importance is likely to be dissimilar at different levels in the organization. Article two had only one theory that is to investigate the relationship between personality, leadership style and conflict management and their relationship in a military unit. This study included three styles of imperative compulsory management styles, imperative benevolence-consultative style and participatory style. The following personality traits were addressed in this study extroversion, openness, compatibility, conscientiousness, neuroticism, solution seeker, controller and incompatible.

Sample Population

The population sample used for article one consisted of 1023 professional employees. They were working in an international agency of the U.S. government in 156 different countries. Three levels of experience were used and labeled as junior (1-5 years), mid-level (6-20), and senior (21 +).

The sample population in the second article was composed 200 senior managers of a military unit in Ghom, Iran. There were 13 between the ages 25-30, 43 between the ages 31-40, 141 were 40 +, and 3 no response. There were 30 with 1-24 months of experience, 24 had 25-60, 42 with 61-120, 101 had more than 121 months, and 3 no response. Level of education 9 had high school diploma, 157 with associates and bachelors, 11 with masters or higher, and 3 no response. The marital status indicted that 3 were single, 195 were married, and 2 no response.

Both of the articles used military personal in higher positions as their sample population. Gender was never addressed in either of the articles. Article one had an ample amount of sample population but the article two could use a larger sample population.


The results of article one states that cognitive, interpersonal, business, and strategic can be studied empirically and theoretically. All of these personality skills have some type of relationship to the organizational level. The higher the job in the organization the greater the leadership skills needed. The leadership skill category varied with the amount of leadership skills needed for each of the jobs. This concept came across all of the levels in the organization. It seems that cognitive skills were the most important of the abilities needed. The interpersonal skill was the viewed more important than the business and strategic skills. Finally the acquisition of strategic and business skills will help promote leaders through rinks of the



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