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Job Specialization: Advantage or Disadvantage?

Essay by   •  July 12, 2011  •  Essay  •  976 Words (4 Pages)  •  3,497 Views

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In Plato's eyes, everyone should specialize in one area of work to maximize efficiency and productivity. According to dictionary.com, to specialize means to pursue some special line of study, work, etc. Many advantages can come out of this because if one person is specializing in only one area, then you gain the best work out of it. If a person was specializing in more than one area, their time would need to be in both. So the product of both jobs would be under par. Job specialization is advantageous because it increases productivity, helps finding a job, and maintains job security. A disadvantage of only being specialized in one area is the fact that you may have less experience in basic knowledge. Another disadvantage that you could run into is monotonous work.

There are many advantages to specializing in one area of work. Like Plato said, it maximizes efficiency and productivity. Which every business would love to do. While Plato is coming up with the city he wants, it would make sense to have everyone specialize in one area so that they could get the best products. Now it is even more essential to obtain the best products. We wouldn't want things falling apart and having to buy the same thing over and over again. Being specialized offers a range of potential advantages for workers and the companies that employ them. Being specialized also saves time. If employees were not specialized in one area, they would need to go back in forth between jobs. But being specialized saves time of switching from one place to another. This allows the worker to be fixed in their field and only thinking about their field. It also allows there to be accuracy in production. If every worker was in their specialized field, there is accuracy in production because every worker will engage in the particular work where they are best suited.

Not only does being specialized produce accuracy and save time, it reduces the cost of production. If a worker is busy in other areas of a job, it is more likely that the work is going to be terrible. If a person is specialized, then the work that is being produced is effective. Therefore, the work would not need to be repeated again, saving the company money. Productivity is a must in businesses. The most important aspect of job specialization is the increase worker productivity and output. If a single worker was trying to build a house all by their self, it would take months to a year. However, if you had people that were specialized in every aspect of building a house, it would take half of the time.

Specialization of an employee can help with finding a job. Employers are more likely to hire people with specialized skills than those with only general skills. There are many jobs that require workers to have specific knowledge and skills just to be considered. For example, I have been looking for a job and I have no job experience. Many jobs, like a waitress or hostess, want you to have a year

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