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Psy 502 - Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning

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Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning

Eyenita Moore


July 6, 2015

Dr. Dara Goldyne

Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning

Classical conditioning gives an opulent and compelling process for analyzing essential erudition, recollection, and reaction methods in animals. However, it is important to understand that an animal’s functioning in conditioning trials gives a sign of what the animal has learned. Numerous memorizing and failing to recall methods, in adjunct to other psychosomatic methods, may interrupt and confuse what researchers can conclude about learning from functioning. This paper will explain the concept of classical conditioning and the factors that affect classical conditioning and evaluate the theory using three of the criteria’s used in evaluating theories.

Classical conditioning is very delicate to numerous practical variables. The power of classical conditioning is influenced by the order of conditioned stimuli and unconditioned stimuli and the interlude of disconnection amid the stimuli. Many events can serve as CSs or USs, both discrete stimuli (such as tone or food) and diffuse stimuli (Terry, 2009). Conditioning generalizes from the trained CS to similar stimuli, but a discrimination can be learned among stimuli regardless of whether or not they are paired with the US (Terry, 2009).

Pavlov's introduction of classical conditioning continues to important in the history of psychology. Furthermore, in shaping the foundation of behavioral psychology, the conditioning method continues to be vital today for many applications as well as behavioral change and psychological care. At times classical conditioning is used to cure fears, concern, and unnerve conditions. Prior exposure is a factor that affects classical conditioning. According to Terry (2009), “one factor seems obvious in the preceding illness example: Previous experience in which a stimulus occurred without the US reduces the likelihood of the stimulus being conditioned when the US is present later” (Prior Exposure, para. 1). Preconditioning experience is complex to CS because of habituation and interference.

Criteria used to evaluate theories

Pavlov’s classical conditioning theory is precise and interpretable. The theory is depicted in an adequately detailed fashion that other theorists can elucidate easily and precisely. Anatolii G. Ivanov-Smolenskii (1927-1952), working in Pavlov’s laboratory, J. Konorski and S. Miller, in their own and in Pavlov’s laboratory and Starytsin in Bekhterev’s laboratory, modified the original Pavlovian paradigm. Similarly, in the United States the paradigm was modified and was called instrumental conditioning (Hilgard & Marquis 1940) or operant conditioning (Skinner 1938), and it stimulated a great deal of research and thought in the field (Pavlov, 1968).


The basic



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