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The Comparison Between the Doctor D.G.Moritz Schreber and the Indian Philosopher Krishnamurti

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The systematization of the 'scientific' methods of educational violence is attributed

> to a German doctor called Daniel Gottlieb Moritz Schreber (1808-1861). He was an orthopedic surgeon, a philosopher and a teacher of the University of Leipzig.

> In 1844, he became the director of a "Heilanstalt" (sanatorium), in Leipzig. Moreover, he

> developed a series of educational methods aimed to "reinforce" the personality

> children by teaching them obedience and discipline, has left a mark in German

> culture and today's educational gardens for children are called

> "Schrebergarten" in his honour.

>It is assumed that those people who have grown by following the pedagogical principles of Dr.

> Schreber (both in Germany but also in other European countries), are the ones

> that have led us to the Two World Wars and that gave birth to Nazism in Germany

> and Fascism in Italy and Spain.

> Dr Schreber applied his educational methods firstly on his own sons, but the elder committed suicide at the age

> of 40, and the younger became a judge and President of the Court of Appeal even if he

> had two psychotic crisis. During Schreber's hospitalization in a psychiatric clinic, he wrote a book "Memoirs of My Nervous Illness" (Schreber, 1903). This book helped Freud to built his "theory of

> paranoia", described in the text "The case of President Schreber" (Freud, 1910).

> Today, according to the Swiss psychoanalyst Alice Miller, Schreber is considered to be a

> foremost figure of what she called "poisonous pedagogy", (according to Katharina Rutschky's translation of "Schwarze Pädagogik" (literally: black pedagogy).

> Miller analysed the social impact of Schreber rigid attitude towards childer rearing

> and pedagogy.

> In his publications, Dr Schreber assumes that in order to save the society and the German race from

softness and vices, is necessary to inculcate in the children the

> unquestioning obedience, unconscious , unconditional and total submission to adults (to the father in particular). He denies the value of self-will in children and he calls for strict discipline, as early as 4 months of age. He




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