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The Current State

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The current state, the causes, effects and sustainable solutions of overpopulation in India

Overpopulation in India cause a lot of environmental issues, such as air pollution, use of plastics, climate changes, etc. and this topic is worthy of investigating because it's affecting the citizens in India, and some of the causes is also a problem that affects the rest of the world. It's important because India is a country with a population of over 1.3 billion, also known as the fastest growing population in the world today. India is facing a huge environmental problem that causes by overpopulation.

The current state of overpopulation in India  

        Overpopulation is a serious issue that effect all human’s lives, we all have to face this problem, not only few countries. The world’s population is

increasing mainly due to medical advancements and increases in agricultural productivity.

 According to the Indian census, carried out in 2011, the population of India was exactly 1,210,193,422, which means India has crossed the 1-billion mark. Although India’s population will still grow to 1.8 billion around the middle of this century.  Today India is stretched to its limit due to overpopulation. 57 billionaires’ control 70 percent of India’s wealth. India is now the second most populous country of the world after China and the

 various studies have projected that India will be the most populous country in the world, surpassing China, in 2025. Even the Indian government have the population policies, family planning and welfare programs; India have led to a continuous decrease in the fertility rate, and the actual stabilization [pic 1][pic 2]

of population will take place only by 2050.

The causes of overpopulation in India

There are two main common causes for the overpopulation in India. First, the birth rate is higher than the death rate; Second, the fertility rate is falling due by the population policies,[pic 3]

 but it is still higher compared to other countries.

Early marriage: The legally marriageable age of a girls is 18 years old. Although a large number of children are married at an age when they’re not prepared for family responsibilities either socially, emotionally, physically and mentally. Getting married in a young age will prolongs the child bearing age. Also, in India, marriage is a sacred obligation and a universal practice, what makes almost every [pic 4][pic 5]

woman is married at the reproductive age.

Culture / religion: The people who are conservative and orthodox are against to the population policies. Women in that type of family have to give birth, or they will think it is against to the wishes of god. And males work for the family and earn money, not women. This old age though makes so much pressure on the parents, all they want is male child, more and more.[pic 6]

Poverty:  Most family think that the greater number of members in the family, more will be the numbers to earn income. Some family think they need more children to take care of the parents when they’re in old age. There’s unending number of children laborers in India, if poor family stop the children from working, they will not have enough income for basic need.

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