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Automatic Fire Alarm System Design

Essay by   •  June 30, 2011  •  Essay  •  944 Words (4 Pages)  •  2,966 Views

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Automatic fire alarm system design, testing and by monitoring environmental changes associated with the burning of unwanted presence of fire. In general, classified as a fire alarm system activated automatically, manually driven, or both. Automatic fire alarm system to notify residents to evacuate buildings in case of fire or other emergency, report the incident to the off position, to call emergency services, and preparation of related structures and control systems of fire and smoke spread.

Directory

[Hide] 1 Design

2 Basic Configuration

3 boot device

4 Notification Devices

5 emergency voice alarm communication system

Security interfaces, Building 6

UK Class 7 fire alarm system

8 See also

9 References

10 External links

[Edit] Design

After the fire protection goals are established - usually by reference to the minimum level of protection through appropriate model building codes, insurance agencies and other authorized authorities - fire alarm designer details the specific part of the arrangements and the interfaces to achieve these goals. Specifically for the purpose of making these choices and standardization of the equipment installation is expected in the design. In the United States, NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm Code are established and widely used installation standards.

[Edit] Basic Configuration

Honeywell DeltaNet FS90 fire alarm control panel. Fire Alarm Control Panel: This component, the hub of the system, input and system integrity monitor, control output and relay information.

Main power supply: common non-GM 120 or 240 volt AC power from commercial power companies. In the non-residential applications, specifically for the branch circuit fire alarm system and its components. "Dedicated branch circuit" should not be confused with "individual branch circuit", which provides the energy for a single device.

Secondary (backup) power supply: This component, sealed lead-acid batteries commonly used in emergency or other sources including the alternator, is used to provide main power failure in the energy.

Boot device: This component of the fire alarm control unit as input, and can be manually or automatically. Examples would be like a smoke detector or pull station equipment.

Fire alarm in the San Francisco streets. Notification device: the components used in fire alarm systems or other stored energy source to provide energy, this action is needed, usually proximate to evacuate people. This is a flashing light, strobe light, mechanical and electrical horn, horn, or combinations of these devices.

Building safety interface: This interface allows the fire alarm systems, building environmental control, to prepare for fire building and affecting the air flow to control the spread of fire smoke and smoking, lighting, process control, human transport and export.

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