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Opening New Doors

Essay by   •  March 27, 2012  •  Essay  •  1,418 Words (6 Pages)  •  1,118 Views

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Opening New Doors

A new innovative form of cloning research, while controversial due to its ethical issues, offers potential medical miracles in which the positive medical benefits derived from this research far outweigh the negative social consequences; the nation should continue with this ingenious research without government intervention or restriction. Human cloning is a very debatable subject because it is the concept that researchers can deduct an real-life human being and develop a duplicate of them. Yet, the research also uplifts numerous sociable opinions in opposition to the processes of cloning. In order to thoroughly grasp these controversial feuds, understanding some basic knowledge on what exactly cloning is, its background information, and the procedures connected with cloning would be the greatest help to the general audience.

In biotechnology, the term cloning is defined as the process used to create a carbon copy of biological materials such as cells, genes, or even organisms. Hans Dreisch created the first cloned animals in the latter half of the 19th century, which sought out to display genetic material not being vanished during cell division. During these trials, Dreisch succeeded into separating two large sea urchin embryos quite easily. Each creature evolved on their own, creating a perfectly prosperous sea urchin. For many years, experts declared that cloning animals was unimaginable. Those beliefs were modified in 1986 whilst Ian Wilmut of the Rosin Institute in Scotland effectively cloned a lamb of an adult sheep's frozen mammary cells by first starving the cells of the lamb; the famous Dolly was later born ("History of Cloning"). Though the cloning of humans is much more complicated to study; this consists of extra social altercations that just don't seem to agree with people.

There are two different types of cloning in this field of research: reproductive and therapeutic cloning. Reproductive cloning, which is usually broadcasted in the news, is a complex procedure worn to construct a creature that has the identical type of nuclear DNA as another indistinguishable creature. In this newfound research, scientists are able to transfer genetic material from the nucleus of a donor adult cell to an egg, whose nucleus and its very own genetic material has been brought out. When the embryo is at a fitting stage, it is transferred to the uterus of a female host where it will continue to develop until birth -- this is the process in which Dolly was produced as a clone. Therapeutic cloning, also known as "embryo cloning," is the production of human embryos for the use of obtaining stem cells in order to construct all types of human cells. Many people of the general public jump to conclusions and believe that therapeutic cloning is solely for the use of fabricating humans (" Cloning Fact Sheet"). Therapeutic cloning's objective is to collect the stem cells that has a variation of beneficial usages.

Many nations all over the globe have outlawed every part of human cloning, even when a few of the nations seek for only one of the two practices. Human cloning ought to be allowed to progress as a result of its many potential benefits that this experimentation can bring forth. Medically speaking, human cloning can unlock new paths that scientists once reflected onto themselves as impracticable. Studies of human duplicating can treat or even avert several of the most treacherous diseases ("Benefits of Human Cloning").

As claimed by the American Heart Association, coronary is a heart infection affected in around one in every five deaths in the U.S. in 2005 -- the greatest predator of Americans. Experimentation in human replication may substantially lower this figure. According to Dr. Sanjay Rajagopalan, heart cells die in the course of a heart attack as a result to an insufficiency of oxygen once an artery becomes clogged. Cloning may be able to help obstruct the destruction of cells by just duplicating the healthy heart cells and subsequently having the strong tissue implanted again immediately into the injured regions of the heart (P, Joe).

Another medical reward that human replication can contribute to the human race is through organ transplants. Therapeutic cloning experts can gather a significant amount of stem cells from embryos of organisms. With these cells, scientists are able to mold the stem cell to develop into any kind of tissue or organ that is essential

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