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Urban Development in Thailand

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GEOG 330

Professor: Larry Becker

                 Urban Development in Thailand

Population:68,200,824 
Nationality:noun: Thai (singular and plural) adjective: Thai

Ethnic groups:Thai 95.9%, Burmese 2%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.9% (2010 est.)

Age structure:0-14 years: 17.18% (male 6,000,434/female 5,714,464) 15-24 years: 14.47% (male 5,030,930/female 4,839,931) 25-54 years: 46.5% (male 15,678,250/female 16,038,155) 55-64 years: 11.64% (male 3,728,028/female 4,208,624) 65 years and over: 10.21% (male 3,047,938/female 3,914,070) (2016 est.) 

Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 39.2% youth dependency ratio: 24.7% elderly dependency ratio: 14.6% potential support ratio: 6.9% (2015 est.) 
Median age:total: 37.2 years male: 36.2 years female: 38.2 years (2016 est.) 
country comparison to the world: 66

Population growth rate:0.32% (2016 est.) country comparison to the world: 174 

Birth rate:11.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.) country comparison to the world: 177 

Death rate:
7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.) 
country comparison to the world: 103 

Urbanization:
urban population: 50.4% of total population (2015) 
rate of urbanization: 2.97% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.) 

Urban population (% of total) in Thailand was 51.54 as of 2016. Its highest value over the past 56 years was 51.54 in 2016, while its lowest value was 19.67 in 1960.

Major urban areas - population:
BANGKOK (capital) 9.27 million; Samut Prakan 1.814 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female 55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 97.6% of population rural: 98% of population total: 97.8% of population 
unimproved: urban: 2.4% of population rural: 2% of population total: 2.2% of population (2015 est.) 

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 89.9% of population rural: 96.1% of population total: 93% of population 
unimproved: urban: 10.1% of population rural: 3.9% of population total: 7% of population (2015 est.) 

Education expenditures:
4.1% of GDP (2013) country comparison to the world: 47 

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 14 years male: 13 years female: 14 years (2013) 

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 818,399 
percentage: 8% (2006 est.) 
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 3.4% male: 2.8% female: 4.4% (2013 est.) 
country comparison to the world: 132

Between 2000 and 2010, the urban area of Thailand increased from approximately 2,400 square kilometers to 2,700 square kilometers with an average annual growth rate of 1.4%. This growth rate is below the average for the region (2.4%).

Urban population in urban Bangkok increased from 7.8 million to 9.6 million people, at a relatively modest 2.0% annual increase. It is the ninth largest population in East Asia.                                            

Over 60% of urban areas are located outside the Bangkok municipal government border.During this period, the urban population increased from 9.3 million to just under 11.8 million.The average annual growth rate of urban population was 2.3%, slightly lower than that of the entire region (3.0%).

Urban Bangkok is mainly urbanized in Bangkok, with 9.6 million people joining the mega-cities of the region in 2010. Bangkok's urban area increased from 1,900 km 2 to 2,100 km 2 between 2000 and 2010 and became the fifth largest city in East Asia in 2010. Its average annual growth rate was 1.1%. In 2010,

Bangkok's urban area accounted for nearly the entire area of Thailand's cities .80%Suratthani is the fastest growing space city, rising from 20 square kilometers in 2000 to 36 in 2010, with an annual growth rate of 5.8% and the population has since increased to more than double to 62,000 to 131,000 The densest urban areas are Hat Yai (5,900 people per sq. Km in 2010) and Chiang Mai (5,000 people / sq. Km.).

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