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4 Functions of Management

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Four Functions of Management

University of Phoenix

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to define, discuss and show the relationship of the four functions of management: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. In broadly defining the four functions, one could argue that planning is the function where goals are chosen; organizing brings resources together; leading coordinates the resources; and controlling monitors and measures the coordination. After working definitions of each function is provided, I will then show how each function plays a role in my organization.

Four Functions of Management

The concept of successful management in the 1990's has changed tremendously. In the past, most managers where thought of as the person who was primarily responsible for making the decisions--- the boss. However, that view has changed. Many managers not only see themselves as the decision-makers, but are looked upon by their subordinates to lead the team's efforts in their actions, behavior and by their example.

To successfully lead, the four functions of management must be understood and implemented in day to day responsibilities to ensure the end result is achieved. This can be difficult and requires that leaders embrace the functions of management and balance the usage to build a successful team.

The focal point of this paper will identify all four areas of management and explain how they relate to my own organization. This paper will explore topics such as planning, organizing, leading and controlling.

Planning

Planning is the act in which a scheme, program, or method worked out beforehand for the accomplishment of an objective. (The Free Dictionary) Planning can be strategic, tactical, or contingency. Strategic planning is usually done at the 30,000 foot level and it involves upper level management. Tactical planning is usually done by mid to first level managers and it encompasses who does what and how it should be done. Contingency planning is put together at a very high level but carried out by front line managers and employee. Planning in my organization starts with the component chief who sits down with line managers and discusses her vision and strategies on how we should operate. This information is then filtered down to the rest of the staff. This is evident in our weekly staff meetings where our manager elaborates on information from her staff meeting. It is during this meeting that we discuss how well we are implementing the expectations and activities necessary to achieve the goals. This provides each member of the team with the opportunity to provide feedback and play a critical role in the success of the organization. It is also during this time that we discuss strategies to further improve our processes and procedures which will ultimately lead to the success of our team.

Organizing

Die.net describes organizing as: to arrange or constitute in parts each having a special functions, act, office, or relation. (Die.net) Organizing requires that managers create the structure of working relationships between organizational members that best allow

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